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  • James Trask

    High School Social Studies & Math

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  • World Geography Unit 1

    What is Geography
    TEKS

    3A, 3B, 3C, 4A, 4B, 4C

    Vocabulary

    geography
    physical geography
    human geography
    political geography

    Guiding Questions

    What do geographers study to study the Earth?

    How is geography different from history?

    What are some of the main characteristics of the Earth?

    What are some of the main human characteristics of the Earth?

    Weather and Climate
    TEKS

    3A, 3C, 4A, 4B, 4C

    Vocabulary

    axis
    tilt
    seasons
    weather
    climate
    Prime Meridian
    zones of latitude
    equator
    precipitation
    wind systems
    latitude
    elevation
    ocean current
    convection

    Guiding Questions

    How do weather and climate affect regions differently?

    Atmosphere, Lithosphere, Biosphere
    TEKS

    3C

    Vocabulary

    atmosphere
    lithosphere
    biosphere

    Guiding Questions

    How does the biosphere support life on Earth?

    Landforms and Physical Processes
    TEKS

    3B, 3C, 4B, 8B

    Vocabulary

    plate tectonics
    weathering
    erosion
    soil building
    dams
    canals

    Guiding Questions

    How do physical processes shape Earth's surface?

    What physical features that are the result of plate movement?

    How does weathering differ from erosion?

    How is Earth's structure related to the creation of continents, oceans, and mountain ranges?

    Natural Disasters and Extreme Weather
    TEKS

    3B, 8B, 22C

    Vocabulary

    natural disaster
    hurricane
    earthquake
    tsunami
    typhoon
    volcano
    tornado
    monsoon
    flooding
    mud slide
    sink holes

    Guiding Questions

    How do human patterns change following a major natural disaster?

    Impacts of New Technology
    TEKS

    19A, 19B, 19C, 20A, 20B

    Vocabulary

    GPS
    GIS
    absolute location
    relative location
    satellites

    Guiding Questions

    When should you use absolute location instead of relative location?

    What is the difference between GPS and GIS?

    Mapping
    TEKS

    6A, 13A, 13B, 21C

    Vocabulary

    physical map
    political map
    thematic maps
    vegetation map
    population map
    climate map
    topographic map
    migration map
    economic/resource map

    Guiding Questions

    What is the difference between physical, political, and thematic maps?

  • World History Unit 1

    The Neolithic Revolution
    TEKS

    1A, 2A, 17A, 17B

    Vocabulary

    hunting and gathering
    agricultural revolution
    subsistence farming
    neolithic

    Guiding Questions

    What was the ultimate effect of the Neolithic Revolution?

    What role did economics play in the Neolithic Revolution?

    What methods do archaeologists, anthropologists, historians, and geographers use to analyze evidence?

    How did the roles of men, women, and children change during the Neolithic Revolution?

    River Valley Civilizations
    TEKS

    1A, 2A, 2B, 2C, 16B, 19A, 20B, 21B, 22A

    Vocabulary

    Judaism
    10 Commandments
    Mesopotamia
    polytheistic
    monotheistic
    civilization
    theocracy

    Guiding Questions

    How did human and physical geographic factors influence the development of the River Valley Civilizations?

    What characteristics of ancient civilizations still exist in the world today?

    What impact did the early river valley civilizations have on the development of classical civilizations?

    How do laws reflect the society in which they were created?

    Persia
    TEKS

    1B

    Vocabulary

    empire
    Zoroastrianism
    Cyrus the Great

    Guiding Questions

    What were the political, religious, and cultural influences of Persia?

    Why was Persia's location favorable for long distance trade?

    • US History Unit 1

      Creating a Nation
      TEKS

      1A, 1B, 1C, 2A, 2B, 2C, 9A, 14A, 14C, 22A, 22B, 22C, 24A, 26E

      Vocabulary

      liberty
      egalitarianism
      individualism
      populism
      laissez-faire (economics)
      E Pluribus Unum ("In God We Trust")
      1776
      1787
      Alexis de Tocqueville
      Benjamin Rush
      John Hancock
      John Jay
      John Witherspoon
      John Peter Mulenberg
      Charles Carroll
      Jonathan Trumbull, Sr.
      civic responsibility

      Guiding Questions

      How did the Constitutions created during the Revolutionary War attempt to limit the power of government and protect the rights of citizens?

      What are the key compromises and provisions incorporated in the US Constitution?

      How did the US assert itself as an independent nation?

      Which founding father had the greatest impact on the origins of American democracy?

      How has the Constitution provided for an evolving America?

      Settling the West
      TEKS

      2A, 2B, 2C, 3A, 3B, 3C, 12A, 12B, 13A, 15A, 23A, 23B, 23C, 27B, 28A

      Vocabulary

      Manifest Destiny
      westward expansion
      Transcontinental Railroad
      Promontory Point, Utah
      Central Pacific
      Union Pacific
      Irish labor
      Chinese labor
      farming
      Great Plains
      Homestead Act
      open range
      closed range
      Indian Policies
      farming issues
      Dawes Act

      Guiding Questions

      How did mineral discoveries shape the settlement of the West?

      What encouraged settlers to move west to the Great Plains?

      What new methods and technologies revolutionized agriculture and made it practical to cultivate the Plains?

      How did westward migration change the Plains Indians' way of life?

      Were Native Americans justified in leaving the reservations and refusing further relocation by the government?

      Why did American want to expand westward?

      • Economics Unit 1

        Scarcity and Opportunity Cost
        TEKS

        1A, 1B, 1C, 1D

        Vocabulary

        economics
        scarcity
        opportunity cost
        factors of production
        land
        labor
        capital
        entrepreneur
        Production Possibilities Curve
        need
        want
        Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

        Guiding Questions

        What is the fundamental economic problem that all societies face?

        How do societies answer the basic economics questions?

        What are the economic factors of production?

        How does a production possibilities curve demonstrate opportunity cost?

        What role do needs and wants play in determining how we use the factors of production?

        Economic Systems
        TEKS

        5A, 5B, 5C, 5D

        Vocabulary

        economic system
        market economy
        command economy
        traditional economy
        free market
        free enterprise
        socialism
        communism
        capitalism
        modified private enterprise
        mixed economy

        Guiding Questions

        How do different economic systems answer the basic economic questions?

        Identify different societies that practice the different economic systems.

        What are the advantages and disadvantages of each economic system?

        Economic Philosophers
        TEKS

        5E

        Vocabulary

        Friedrich Hayek
        Milton Friedman
        John Maynard Keynes
        Adam Smith

        Guiding Questions

        What impact did each of these philosophers have on our current free enterprise system in the USA?

        Business Structure and Organization
        TEKS

        16A, 16B, 16C, 16D

        Vocabulary

        sole proprietorship
        unlimited liability
        inventory
        limited life partnership
        limited partnership
        bankruptcy
        corporation
        charter
        stock
        stockholder
        dividend
        bond
        principal
        interest
        double taxation
        merger
        income statement
        net income
        depreciation
        cash flow
        horizontal merger
        vertical merger
        conglomerate
        multinational

        Guiding Questions

        What are the defining characteristics of the various business structures?

        What are the advantages and disadvantages of the various business structures?

        How is personal liability affected by the type of business owned?

        What causes firms to merge?

        How can businesses reinvest their profits to grow and expand?

        What influences the growth of a business?

        Supply and Demand
        TEKS

        2A, 2B, 2C

        Vocabulary

        demand
        Law of Demand
        demand schedule
        demand curve
        microeconomics
        marginal utility
        diminishing marginal utility
        substitutes
        complements
        supply
        Law of Supply
        supply schedule
        supply curve
        subsidy
        fixed cost
        variable cost
        total cost
        revenue
        overhead
        break-even point

        Guiding Questions

        Illustrate the concept of demand on a demand curve using information from a demand schedule.

        How are demand and utility related?

        What factors could cause a change in demand?

        Illustrate the concept of supply on a supply curve using information from a supply schedule.

        What are three reasons for a change in supply?

        What are the four key measures of cost?

        What are the two key measures of revenue?

        • Government Unit 1

          Foundations and Origins of our Government
          TEKS

          1A, 1B, 1C, 1D, 1E, 1F, 2A, 2B, 3B, 3C, 5A, 5B, 5C, 5D, 7A, 7C, 7E, 7F, 7G, 8C, 8D, 8E, 8G, 9A, 9C, 11A, 12A, 12B, 13A, 13B, 13C, 13D, 14B, 14C, 15A, 15B, 15C, 16A, 16B, 19A, 19B

          Vocabulary

          anarchy
          government
          nation
          state
          country
          sovereignty
          divine right
          social contract
          unitary system
          confederacy
          federal system
          constitution
          constitutional government
          authoritarian
          totalitarianism
          dictatorship
          oligarchy
          monarchy
          democracy
          republic
          economics
          capitalism
          free market
          free enterprise
          laissez-faire
          mixed economy
          socialism
          democratic socialist
          command economy
          bourgeoisie
          proletariat
          communism
          limited government
          representative government
          charter
          revenue
          embargo
          boycott
          human rights
          currency
          tariff
          creditor
          treaty
          bicameral
          interstate commerce
          extralegal

          Guiding Questions

          What are the purposes of government?

          What principles guide different types of governments?

          What is the role of government in different types of economic systems?

          What influenced the development of our government institutions?

          Why and how did the colonists declare independence?

          Principles of Government - the Constitution
          TEKS

          1B, 1D, 1E, 1F, 2A, 7A, 7B, 7C, 7D, 7E, 7F, 7G, 8A, 8B, 8C, 8E, 8H, 9C, 9D, 10A, 10C, 13A, 13B, 13C, 13D, 13E, 13F, 15A, 16B

          Vocabulary

          article
          amendment
          ratify
          enumerated powers
          elastic clause
          jurisdiction
          judicial review
          incorporation doctrine
          militia
          probable cause
          eminent domain
          impeach
          supremacy clause

          Guiding Questions

          What is the importance of a written Constitution?

          Why do we need the Bill of Rights?

          Why do we need to have a separation of powers?

          What are the Constitutional provisions for limited the role of the national government?

          Why and how has the US Constitution been amended and interpreted throughout history?

          How do state constitutions and local charters structure government and protect individual rights?

          How does the US Constitution structure government and divide power between the national and state governments?

          Principles of Government - Federalism
          TEKS

          2A, 3B, 5A, 7D, 8F, 8H, 9A, 9B, 9C, 9D, 11A, 11B, 12A, 15A, 15B, 15C

          Vocabulary

          federalism
          delegated powers
          expressed powers
          implied powers
          reserved powers
          concurrent powers
          supremacy clause
          enabling act
          federal grant
          mandate
          restraint
          preemption
          extradite
          interstate compact
          public policy
          sunset law
          sunshine law
          states' rights position
          nationalist position

          Guiding Questions

          What is federalism?

          How does federalism affect our government?

          Why did our founding fathers create a distinctly new form of federalism?

          How does the US Constitution structure government and divide power between the national and state governments?

          Why and how is power divided and shared among national, state, and local governments?

          How does federalism promote democracy and civic participation?